Download CILE Previous Year Question Papers | AKTU PYQDownload CILE Previous Year Question Papers

Welcome you all in the series to download CILE Previous Year Question Papers. CONSTITUTION OF INDIA, LAW & ENGINEERING in one of Non-Credit subject of AKTU B-tech 3rd year, but passing is must in the subject. So to help you in your preparation of CILE, AKTUWALLAH provide you CILE PYQ.

CILE Important Question and Answer

Q1. Define the term Union Executive. (2marks)
Ans. The Union executive consists of the President, the Vice-President, and
the Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister as the head to aid and
advise the President.

Q2. Define the term Constitution. (2marks)
Ans. a: the basic principles and laws of a nation, state, or social group that
determine the powers and duties of the government and guarantee
certain rights to the people in it.
b: a written instrument embodying the rules of a political or social
organization.

Q3. Define the term State Executive. (2marks)
Ans. State executive consists of Governor and Council of Ministers with
Chief Minister as its head. The Governor of a State is appointed by the
President for a term of five years and holds office during his pleasure.
Only Indian citizens above 35 years of age are eligible for appointment
to this office.

Q4. Why do we need Constitution laws? (2marks)
Ans. It generates trust and coordination between the government and the
citizens. It specifies the type of government for a country and how it
should function. It lays down limits on the powers of the government.

Q5. What do you mean by E-Governance? (2marks)
Ans. E-governance signifies the implementation of Information Technology
in the Government processes. The basic purpose of E-governance is to
simplify processes for all, i.e. government, citizens, businesses, etc. at
all levels.

Q6. Discuss about the Memorandum of Association and Articles of
Association in Business Organizations.

Ans. A company must prepare certain preliminary documents before applying
for company registration. The Memorandum of Association (MOA) and
Articles of Association (AOA) are two such preliminary documents that
every company must prepare. The MOA and AOA should be filed with
the Registrar of the Companies (ROC) along with the company
incorporation form.

The Memorandum of Association (MOA) and Articles of Association
(AOA) define a company’s scope of work, objectives, rules and internal
management. The MOA and AOA are two essential documents that are
the basis of the company’s constitution. They are indispensable, and the
company’s foundation stands upon them. Therefore, the founders of a
company must draft them with utmost clarity and precision.

A MOA is a document containing details of the company’s constitution
and is the foundation of the company’s structure. It is known as the
charter of a company. It lays down the scope of the company’s activities,
objectives for which it is formed, determine the scope of its authority and
its relationship with the outside world.

The AOA of the company contains its rules or bye-laws and regulations
that control or govern the conduct of its business and manage its internal
affairs. The AOA is subordinate to the MOA of a company and is
governed by the MOA. Every company must have an AOA as it plays a
vital role in defining its internal rights, workings, management and
duties. The contents of AOA should be in sync with the MoA and the
Companies Act, 2013.

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Q7. Write a short note on Functions of Lok Sabha.
Ans. The lower house of the bicameral Indian Parliament is also known as
Lok Sabha. It is composed of the representatives, which are chosen by
the Indian citizens from different constituencies, by voting in the direct
elections and exercising their voting rights. The houses constitute of
552 members, out of which 530 members represent the states, 20
members represent the Union Territories and Indian President has been
given the power by the Indian Constitution to nominate 2 members of
Lok Sabha from Anglo-Indian community. The important functions of
the Lok Sabha are as follows:
a. The legislative powers of the Lok Sabha, as conferred by the Indian
constitution allows Lok Sabha to pass bills pertaining primarily to two
lists – Union List and Concurrent List. It can draft, implement and
execute any bill incorporated within these lists. The non-money bills
can be introduced in either of the houses but Lok Sabha always has a
supremacy over Rajya Sabha.
b. In the case of the State List, it can introduce bills only in the case
of emergencies like national emergency or financial emergency. The
resolution can also be passed in Rajya Sabha, by declaring such subjects
of the state list as of ‘national importance’ and then it can also come
under the ambit of Lok Sabha. It is important to note that such alternate
provisions are subject to constitutional limits.
c. As the primary house of the parliament, Lok Sabha has definite
control over the executive. The constitution states that the council of
ministers and the government in power is answerable and
accountable to the lower house of the legislature.
d. Lok Sabha is the only house where money bills can originate. The
house passes it with the approval of majority i.e. 2/3rd of members and
then it is passed to the President’s house, for the approval of the
President. The President has the power of reserving the bill for 14 days
and then he/she can present some recommendations. It is under the
power of Lok Sabha, to accept or reject the recommendations.
e. The amending power, with respect to the Indian constitution is also
shared by both the houses of the Parliament.
f. The other powers of Lok Sabha include, impeachment of President,
Vice-President (ratification required) and other powers like
proclamation of emergency.

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